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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f0\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1370\margr3220\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1370\margrsxn3220\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw5710\colsr1580\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx3766 \f0\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex94\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 KANISKA'S CONQUESTS{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-23 2*5}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi0\ri7\sb166\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f0\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 A.D., Kaniska cannot be fat removed from this date, \expndtw-1 as Vlma Kadphises, having come after an octogenerian, \expndtw7 must have ruled for a short time only.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li43\fi0\ri0\sb270\sa0 \f0\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Conquests}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi493\ri0\sb191\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f0\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Kaniska was a doughty warrior and he won many successes in war. He annexed Kashmir to the Kushan \expndtw0 empire, and was extremely fond of that pleasant valley. \expndtw6 If any credence is to be given to traditions preserved \expndtw4 in Chinese and Tibetan works, his arms penetrated as \expndtw0 far as Saketa and Magadha, whence he carried off a \expndtw6 celebrated Buddhist monk named Asvaghosa. Kanis\-\expndtw3 ka is also said to have successfully repulsed the attack \expndtw2 of the Parthian king. But his most important engage\-\expndtw4 ments were with the Chinese; they resulted ultimately \expndtw8 in the conquest. of Kashgar, Khotan, and Yarkand. \expndtw-4 The Chinese, whose influence in Central Asia had ceased \expndtw0 by the end of the first Han dynasty in 23 A.D., reassert-\expndtw-2 ecl their power half a century later, and made a steady advance westward under General Pan-chao. This was \expndtw2 naturally viewed with some concern by the Kushan \expndtw8 monarch, who, as a mark of his equality with the \expndtw3 Chinese Emperor, demanded the hand of a Chinese \expndtw-1 princess and adopted the title of \i Devaputm \i0 ("the son of \expndtw6 Heaven"). Pan-chao considered it an affront to his \expndtw2 master, and accordingly arrested the Kushan envoy. \expndtw5 Kaniska then crossed the Pamir to fight against him, \expndtw-1 but suffered a severe reverse, and bought peace by pay\-\expndtw5 ing tribute to China. A few years afterwards Kaniska \expndtw2 led another expedition across the Pamirs; victory fa\-\expndtw19 voured him this time against Pan-yang, the son \expndtw10 of Pan-chao. The Kushan ruler thus avenged his previous defeat, and compelled a feudatory state of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx1987 \f0\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \'84{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw2\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 China to surrender hostages to him.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1987 \f0\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-15\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Hostages{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\sub\expndtw17 The\nosupersub  \sub bclief\nosupersub  ^ \sub they\nosupersub   \sub induded\nosupersub  \sub a\nosupersub  \sub son}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb65\sa0 \f0\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 of the Han Emperor does not, however, appear to be}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f0\fs20\par }